Does Pill Birth Control Make You Gain Weight?

Oral Contraceptive Pills


Does Pill Birth Control Make You Gain Weight?


Birth control pills prevent pregnancy and generally do not lead to weight gain. 

Although it may be possible that some individuals gain weight when taking birth control pills, this effect is usually temporary, minor, and can be managed. 

Factors like age, fluid retention, and stress are more commonly associated with weight gain than birth control pills.

Focus on maintaining a balanced diet, staying physically active, and effectively managing stress to minimize the risk of weight gain. 

However, many women continue to question whether they can cause weight gain or other side effects.

Does Pill Birth Control Make You Gain Weight?

Several studies have examined the relationship between birth control pills and weight gain. The research on birth control pills making weight gain has shown mixed results

The majority of these studies suggest that the pills do not cause significant weight gain for most women. However, some women may experience minor weight changes when starting the pill. Here are some things to consider:

Factors Affecting Weight

Factors that can influence weight while on birth control include:

Water Retention: Some women may experience water retention, leading to temporary weight gain.

Appetite Changes: Hormonal changes can affect appetite for some women, potentially leading to weight changes.

Metabolism: Hormonal contraception might affect metabolism, although the evidence is inconclusive.

Types of Birth Control Pills

Different types of birth control pills contain varying levels of hormones, which can affect weight differently:

Combination Pills: These contain both estrogen and progestin. Research suggests that combination pills are unlikely to cause significant weight gain.

Progestin-Only Pills: Some studies have suggested that progestin-only pills may be associated with a slight increase in weight compared to combination pills. 

What are the Side Effects of Birth Control Pills?

There can be other side effects associated with birth control, which often depend on the specific type and whether it contains hormones. 

Common side effects include the absence of periods and alterations in menstrual patterns, such as irregular bleeding and spotting.

Other possible side effects of birth control may encompass:

  • Acne
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Reduced bone density
  • Mood fluctuations
  • Nausea
  • Skin reactions
  • Breast tenderness
  • Vaginal discharge

Read About: Can Contraceptive Pills Cause Acne?


Generally, pills do not cause any weight gain; for some, it may; however, it is not permanent. Individual responses to hormonal contraception can vary, and some women may notice changes in weight or appetite.

If you’re concerned about weight gain while on birth control, there are strategies to help manage it. Maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and reducing stress can be beneficial. 

Consult a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable birth control option for your body and overall health. They can provide personalized guidance based on your health history and needs.


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